China is an ancient land of spectacular history, culture, natural beauty and architecture.

Because there are so many things to do in China, you’ll want to make sure that you spend ample time in the third largest country in the world at 9.6 million square kilometres and a population of about 1,330,044,544.

The People’s Republic of China is situated in eastern Asia. Situated between Mongolia, India, Nepal, Burma and Korea, China is surrounded by the East China Sea, the Yellow Sea, Korea Bay and the South China Sea.

History of China

The history of China is rich and the humans were known to be in the region about 2.24million to 250,000 years ago, and the first evidence of existing modern humans in China was 67,000 years ago when a cranium was found to date back that long ago.

Civilisation began along the Yellow River in the Neolithic era, however its written history began during the Shang Dynasty (1600-1100.

It is also the country that has used the written language continuously for the longest continuous amount of time.

China boasts four important inventions – one of them being paper, the others are printing, the compass and gunpowder. One of the most ancient civilisations, China has a full history.

After the Shang Dynasty (1600BC-1100BC) it experienced the Zhou Dynasty (1122BC-256BC), renowned as a time of culture, literature and philosophy in China’s history.

The Qin Dynasty followed and ended many warring kingdoms and united them into the first Chinese empire (221BC). Then came the Imperial era, with dynasties such as the Southern and Northern Dynasty, and the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties.

The Modern era began in 1912 with the Republic of China and in 1949 the People’s Republic of China began as a communist government.

Beijing attractions

When you’re in China, enjoy Beijing’s character and diversity. From its old, narrow alleys to shining skyscrapers, Beijing has character.

Visit the Beijing Underground City that Mao wanted built when he decided the future lay underground.

You can also see the Beijing Natural History Museum and the Capital Museum, filled with eye-catching jade and Buddhist statues.

Visit the Great Bell Tower, which stands 6.75 tall. The atmospheric Dongyue Temple is also a must-see for its glass and steel structure, and for seeing the Taoist Monks for insight into one of the religions in China.

Shanghai attractions

The city of Shanghai is another great city to visit in China. Once an exotic place for foreigners to indulge in, now it is a highly modern city made from a maze of skyscrapers and with a highly dense population.

Escape the hectic city life with a river cruise down Huangpu River with beautiful views of the Bund. Go and see the Jade Buddha Temple, and soak up the arts at the Shanghai Arts Museum and the Shanghai Gallery of Art.

Guilin attractions

Another spectacular city to experience is Guilin. Northeast of Shanghai, Guilin has a wonderful location by the picturesque clear waters of the Li River, surrounded by astounding, green lush covered pinnacles.

The town of Guilin is also very pretty with its old architecture, stone paving and the Wanshou Bridge from the Qin Dynasty of 2,000 years ago.

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